15 cool things you should know about him

Simply put, hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, involves several deep holes connected with long tunnels and small underground explosions to create fractures in the shale and pump them under high pressure with a mixture of water, chemicals, and sand. This causes the fractures to expand and release natural gas. This is an old mining method but recent advances allow horizontal drilling, making it possible to release much more natural gas. This is fracking as it is done today, it is the new technology with a lot of ethical issues and environmental impacts that we simply cannot yet understand.

William Stringfellow of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratorand, speaking at the 248th ACS National Meeting & Exposition in San Francisco, he said, “Right now there is limited public awareness. So, we want to understand exactly what chemicals are used in hydraulic fracturing fluids. And then examine its dangers and risks ”. Since August is National Water Quality Month – and there is much debate about how fracking will affect your water supply, we thought we would give you 15 hydraulic fracturing facts you need to know to help you determine your position on the issue.

1. It is common


According to him NY Times, “Approximately 1 million North American wells have been fracked since the 1940s.”

2. Fracking bans and restrictions are hotly debated topics

Vermont was the first state to ban the hydraulic fracturing process. Since its ban, hundreds of other cities and states have limited or abandoned hydraulic fracturing. The Christian Science Monitor It says: “Across the country, from California to New York, and Ohio to Texas, state courts are determining whether local bans on fracking are legitimate.”

3. Fracking esafer than other energies

A technological team to do fracking

The New York Times publishes that fracking is actually much cleaner and safer for the environment than coal mining. “Shale gas emits half the carbon dioxide per unit of energy than coal, and burning coal emits metals such as mercury into the atmosphere, which eventually settles in our soils and waters.”

4. You can drink it but we don’t recommend it.

A famous executive from Halliburton took a sip of hydraulic fracturing fluid to demonstrate its safety at a 2011 industry conference.

5. Take up space

Technological equipment to carry out fracking

A typical well of fracking It is 7,700 meters deep (which is almost a mile and a half) and has a horizontal diameter that spans up to 6,000 feet.

6. The United States is on top

As of 2014, the United States is the world’s largest oil producer ahead of Russia and Saudi Arabia.

7. Fracking produces flammable drinking water


Gasland, a 2010 documentary, showed a homeowner whose water was contaminated with methane. So far these incidents are the exception, but there are still many more questions than answers about exactly how fracking will affect the water supply.

8. Fracking probably won’t cause earthquakes (at least not big ones)

A recent study found hydraulic fracturing affects the territory little. The study explains that seismic disturbances caused by hydraulic fracturing are minimal.

9. Lhe United States has 110 years of natural gas insured


We are not saying that we should use all in the next century, but it’s nice to know it’s there as engineers try to master renewables, okay?

10. Fracking causes water pollution

Several studies have linked fracking to the contamination of drinking water. The environmental protection agency (EPA) is conducting a study on the effects of hydraulic fracturing on drinking water.

11. Fracking causes air pollution


The fracking releases potentially toxic petroleum hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene into the air near wells. A recent report from the University of Maryland found that air pollution from hydraulic fracturing increased the risks of birth defects and a variety of respiratory problems.

12. It is giving the United States more energy independence

Hydraulic fracturing has made the United States less dependent on foreign oil and created many jobs.

13. Hydraulic fracturing can cause explosions


“Methane gas can also escape during hydraulic fracturing, creating the possibility of dangerous explosions,” he reports. Bill moyers.

14. It is an international concern

Hydraulic fracturing is banned in France and Bulgaria due to environmental concerns. We are not saying that they are right in every way, but it makes you think.

15. Makes ice cream more expensive


Guar gum is one of the components of hydraulic fracturing fluid and guar gum is what gives ice cream its smooth, creamy texture. As the demand for guar gum rises, so will the price of ice cream.

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