7 negative effects on your body if you lack vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is a very important nutrient for your body. This vitamin helps maintain the health of neurons and blood. It also contributes to the formation of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).

Your body does not produce vitamin B12, so you must get it through food or supplements. The intake of this vitamin should also be done on a regular basis, since your body does not store vitamin B12 for a long time.

Vitamin B12 deficiency makes you feel tired or weak. But these are not the only negative effects that a deficiency of this nutrient can cause you.

5 negative effects on your body if you lack vitamin B12

1. Weakness and fatigue

Tiredness and weakness are symptoms of megaloblastic anemia, which is characteristic of vitamin B12 deficiency.

In addition to iron, your body needs folate and vitamin B-12 to make enough healthy red blood cells. Anemia is a condition in which the body does not make enough healthy red blood cells to carry an adequate level of oxygen to the body’s tissues.

2. Pale skin

Vitamin B12 deficiency can also cause a person to have pale or jaundiced skin because there are not as many red blood cells circulating in your body.

Jaundice causes the skin and the whites of the eyes to turn yellow. Excess bilirubin causes jaundice. Bilirubin is made by the liver when it breaks down old blood cells.

3. Numbness or tingling

The hands and feet may have numbness or tingling, as well as trouble walking, which is a sign of nerve problems, according to the National Institutes of Health.

Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause damage to the nervous system, even in people who do not have megaloblastic anemia.

4. Mouth ulcers

Glossitis and mouth ulcers are early signs of B12 deficiency that some people may develop. Glossitis is a condition in which the tongue becomes inflamed. It often makes its surface look smooth.

5. Loss of appetite and weight loss

Vitamin B12 deficiency can also lead to constipation, gas, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and weight loss.

6. Infertility

Vitamin B12 deficiency can sometimes lead to temporary infertility, an inability to conceive. The UK National Health Service shares that this generally improves with proper vitamin B12 treatment.

7. Depression

The negative effects of low B12 levels can include psychological problems such as depression and confusion as well as problems with memory, understanding and judgment.

How much vitamin B12 do you need per day

For adults, a daily intake of 2.4 mcg of vitamin B12 is suggested; pregnant women 2.6 mcg; while lactating women 2.8 mcg.

Some of the foods rich in vitamin B12 are clams, tuna, salmon and nutritional yeast.

Source link