Amnesty International, the Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights (CMDPDH) and the Victims Committee of # 9N, launched an open letter addressed to Quintana Roo officials, expressing concerns about repairing the damage to the victims of the repression that occurred on November 9 of the previous year in the municipality of Benito Juárez .
Said document is addressed to the officials: María Elena Hermelinda Lezama Espinosa, municipal president of Benito Juárez, Reyna Valdivia Arceo Rosado, municipal comptroller of Benito Juárez, also Marco Antonio Toh Euán, president of the Human Rights Commission of the State of Quintana Roo, Judith Rodríguez Villanueva, president of the Human Rights Commission, XVI Legislature of the State of Quintana Roo and Karla Patricia Rivero González, executive commissioner of Attention to Victims of the State of Quintana Roo.
Amnesty International calls for reparations to the victims of 9N
They report that in relation to compliance with Recommendation CDHEQROO / 20/2020 / II, issued by the Commission for Human Rights of the State of Quintana Roo (CDHEQROO), which was issued as a consequence of the illegal use of public force, arbitrary detentions and cruel and inhuman treatment perpetrated by the Secretary of Public Security and Municipal Traffic of Benito Juárez, against the people who demonstrated on November 9, 2020 in Cancun, Quintana Roo.
They point out that there is concern about the decision to determine that the aforementioned recommendation has been complied with, since they argue in the letter that from the perspective, this constitutes an act of institutional violence and revictimization since – during the process of the alleged reparation – the institutions to his position did not take into account the opinion and needs of the victims whose rights were violated.
This decision also ignored the fact that the victims expressed their express rejection of the way in which the satisfaction measures were carried out; that a federal judge ordered, in an amparo judgment, to revoke the reparation reports issued by the Executive Commission for Attention to Victims of the State of Quintana Roo, considering that the victims were not allowed to participate in the process; and, finally, that the term is running for the Judicial Power of the Federation to study the constitutionality of the unveiling of the monument, and of the journalistic unfolding in which it was intended to offer an apology.
Amnesty International points out that, the International Law of Human Rights, the criteria of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation and the Law of Victims of the State of Quintana Roo, establish the obligation of the authorities to actively include the victims in all decisions and actions related to the integral reparation of the damage; particularly, in those related to satisfaction measures. In this sense, it is stipulated that the victims will be treated with respect for their dignity and their right to access the mechanisms of justice and reparation.
Given these observations, the group asked Mara Lezama to make a “public report, founded and motivated, in which the reasons for which the decision was made to ignore the requests of the victims regarding the modality of the public apology and the monument are exposed. Said report must detail the reasons why which was omitted to consult previously and properly with the victims and their representatives the modality of compliance with the satisfaction measures and the guarantees of non-repetition. ”
They also requested that “in view of the principle of complementarity provided for by the Victims Law of the State of Quintana Roo, and the principles that should govern comprehensive reparation, convene working groups to initiate a process worthy of comprehensive reparation of the damage that it places in in the center the needs, interests and demands of the 9N Victims Committee.
In the case of the Municipal Comptroller’s Office, the initiation of “an ex officio investigation was requested to determine whether the actions and omissions of the municipal president, given within the framework of compliance with the Recommendation CDHEQROO/ 20/2020 / II, constituted administrative offenses.
The letter warns the Commission for Human Rights of the State of Quintana Roo (CDHEQROO) to render a public, well-founded and motivated report, stating the reasons why the president of the CDHEQROO and the Second General Visitor failed to respond to the request for precautionary measures presented by the CMDPDH on December 6, 2021. He stressed that said report should also state the basis that empowers this CDHEQROO to revoke its own administrative acts.
Referring to the Internal Control Body, he asked to immediately initiate an ex officio investigation for the probable commission of administrative misconduct attributable to the President of the CDHEQROO.
In this way, he pointed out that the Legislative Power of the State of Quintana Roo, in view of the context of generalized impunity, exercise the power provided in Article 30 (XLIII) of the Organic Law of the Legislative Power of the State of Quintana Roo, in order to request the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) to exercise its powers of investigation in cases of serious violations of the events that occurred on November 9, 2020.
This letter seeks to enforce and enforce the human rights that were violated and that to date, according to Amnesty International, the damage caused to the victims of 9N has not been compensated.
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