Alcohol is a carcinogen, including wine. Its consumption increases the risk of developing different types of cancer in men and women; even when drunk lightly to moderately. Studies reveal that the consumption of wine increases the risk of cancer as does smoking.
“All types of alcoholic beverages, including red wine, are linked to cancer,” states the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Drinking alcohol can increase the risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus, larynx and liver, colorectal and breast. Evidence is also accumulating that alcohol use is associated with an increased risk of melanoma and cancers of the prostate and pancreas.
A study conducted in the United Kingdom and published in 2019 in BMC Public Health reveals that drinking a bottle of wine a week can be like smoking five to 10 cigarettes in the same period of time, in terms of cancer risk.
The objective of the research is to reaffirm that even moderate alcohol consumption increases the risk of cancer, since it is generally believed to be less harmful than cigarette smoking. The study does not say that moderate alcohol consumption is the same as smoking. It refers to the equivalences in the percentage of increased risk of cancer.
The results showed that among nonsmoking men, the increased lifetime cancer risk from drinking a bottle of wine per week was 1.0%, while for nonsmoking women, the risk was approximately 50% higher , 1.4%.
The highest risk of cancer in men is from gastrointestinal cancers (such as oropharynx, esophagus, colorectal, liver) while for women it is breast cancer.
Alcohol use was associated with more than 740,000 cancer cases in 2020
Alcohol use was associated with one in 25 cancer cases in 2020; More than 100,000 new associated cases occurred in people who drank less than two alcoholic beverages a day on average, according to data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).
Alcohol and breast cancer
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the United States. The American Cancer Society notes that compared to women who do not drink alcohol, those who drink 1 alcoholic drink a day have a 7% to 10% increased risk in risk, while women who drink 2 to 3 drinks a day have approximately a 20% higher risk than those who do not drink alcohol.
Alcohol and colorectal cancer
Moderate to heavy alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of colon and rectal cancers. Studies have reported an increased risk of colorectal cancer of 45% for colon cancer and 49% for rectal cancer with a regular high alcohol intake (≥45g) of three or more alcoholic beverages per day.
Together, alcohol and tobacco are even more dangerous, the consumption of both carcinogens multiplies the risk of cancer. By 30% for head and neck cancers.
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