Sinaloa, Mexico.- The electrical reform It raises two completely different narratives, but which maintain the discussion of the issue among the political leadership at the national level and that none of them provide real and timely information to citizens, considered the columnist and political analyst Osvaldo Villaseñor Pacheco.
The electrical reform that could be voted on next week is currently under discussion from the official side and the opposition.
At the analysis table organized by Debate, (https://cutt.ly/EFk7Nil), the columnist explained that the strongest narrative is the one that can be said to be official, since it is the one that Morena defends as the reform presented by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador.
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“Indeed, there is a narrative without any support that can explain to people and understand with apples why AMLO’s electricity reform is going to cause lower rates and we ask to explain that to the people, because what President López Obrador’s electricity reform is proposing goes against the logic of having cheaper energy,” he considered.
It is worth mentioning that, after reading the electrical reform proposed by the federal Executive, Va por México (PRI, PAN and PRD) presented a counterproposal to this same reform.
Osvaldo Villaseñor said that the doubts arise because the reform is proposing the use of more carbon in energy, as they currently do, and they are not resorting to cheaper clean energy.
There is talk of sovereignty, he added, and stopping control of the economy, but at the same time it must be said that Mexico cannot be compared with other countries that have given guidelines for the opening of the electricity industry, because in Mexico there is still the stewardship of the electrical industry in the energy sector; In Mexico, the government has the distribution and commercialization of electrical energy, and in production it is the only part where the private part is allowed.
The other part of the narrative, he pointed out, is one of strong opposition to what we want to understand that the federal government proposes, which is to have control of energy and that puts businessmen and ordinary people in a disadvantageous circumstance and current, said the analyst.
“If the government has complete control of the energy industry, which is a vital industry for the development of the country, and knowing how the law is applied in this government of the Fourth Transformation, where the president is the one in charge and is above of everything and that there is no respect for the rule of law, then the president is going to decide who he gives energy to and who he does not give”.
Therefore, he insisted, neither of the two narratives of the electricity reform provides useful information to citizens that supports the arguments raised and guarantees that it is the best option.
“Indeed, on the part of the government they throw out a very general roll, but without the slightest support. But if they had the opportunity to explain to us why electricity is going to be cheaper if Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s reform is approved, it will indeed benefit us. But if the opposite is said and nothing else remains in a roll and in a narrative, then I think that society is still in the midst of a sea of doubts.
For his part, the president of Citizen Watchmen for Transparency of Sinaloa, Guillermo Padilla Montiel, stressed that the reform is fundamental to the question of electricity tariff prices.
“I am going to the prices of the rates and I see with sadness that it is not true that the electricity rates are going to drop, I am proving it with documents, with information from the Federal Electricity Commission itself, because all I am telling you is information taken from them,” he added.
Likewise, in his participation in the analysis table, as a representative of civil society, Padilla Montiel questioned whether the reform wants to form a monopoly for the CFE that generates more corruption, because, at least that is what many understand of the political approaches of this reform.
In response, the federal deputy and panelist at this analysis table Yadira Marcos stressed that the CFE is not seeking to profit from electricity, but rather that the electricity reform seeks mainly to establish it as a right of all Mexicans.
“If people believe that electricity bills are very expensive here, we run the risk that they will continue to increase if the reform is not approved, then we need to regulate with this reform that we are promoting. It is important to call on citizens to be pending next week, when we would be discussing this reform, and the intention is to achieve approval”.
The morenista federal deputy stressed that it is not about colors or parties, but about defending the nation’s heritage. “We are not in the dispute of who is stronger, but we are fighting and defending the heritage of all of you and of all of us.”
Likewise, the columnist and political analyst Paola Gárate, who is also a former PRI federal deputy, lamented that the arguments presented by the Morenoites to defend the electricity reform proposed by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador are not supported or adhere to what the law requires. society.
He stressed that the Morenista legislators should attend to the proposal presented as opposition by the Va por México coalition, which represents the PRI, PAN and PRD parties, where, with 12 strategic points, he said, they intend to defend the people of Mexico from a retrograde electrical reform that would not benefit the economy of families at all.
Morena presents the initiative for a decree amending articles 25, 27 and 28 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States in energy matters, of the reform published in the DOF in 2013.
The electrical reform under discussion was presented by the federal Executive, but the representation of the PRI, PAN and PRD parties, as opposition, presented a counterproposal with 12 strategic points.
“We want electricity to be a Mexican right”
“This reform is crucial for Sinaloans and for all Mexicans,” said federal deputy Yadira Marcos during her participation in the analysis table.
He made it clear that the electricity industry needs to be nationalized, that the CFE recover energy sovereignty, because currently, he stressed, everything that is happening is a consequence of the electricity reform that was approved in 2013, “which was approved by previous politicians who in their majority are in opposition.
He stressed that currently the CFE does not control the use of electricity, and by 2021, the CFE produces only 32 percent of the country’s electricity, “not because it cannot produce more, but because the law does not allow it to produce more.” .
He said that 68 percent of electricity is produced by private sectors, so he then questioned what the benefit is if the private sector already has more than half of it.
“On the contrary, the light is increasing and that has been the consequence of this 2013 reform and we intend with this new reform that the CFE once again be a strong and public company of the State, that generates at least 54 percent percent of the energy consumed in our country. The private ones, of course, will continue to participate, but they will be able to do so up to 46 percent, ”he explained.
He said that with the electrical reform proposed by the federal Executive, balance is sought.
“We need to offer our country the opportunity of a true energy procession, ordered and planned, because this is not currently the case, the rules are not clear and, unfortunately, in the 2013 reform there were many loopholes that have been used or misused by some private parties.
The CFE is not looking to profit from electricity, we are looking for it to be a right for Mexicans.”
Name: Nancy Yadira Santiago Marcos.
Representation: Federal deputy of Morena.
Location: Culiacan, Sinaloa.
“We should not have illusions of low rates”
“The people are all of us, not just those who follow the government in turn,” said Guillermo Padilla Montiel in his introduction to the analysis table.
The president of Citizen Watchmen for Transparency of Sinaloa AC explained, with historical argument, that in 2016, in a meeting with the current president of the Republic, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, held in Los Mochis, he was given a study on electricity tariffs and was informed of the problems that Enrique Peña Nieto’s electricity reform brought with it.
“We told him that one of the main aspects was the collection for portage (payment by private companies for using the CFE distribution lines), which seemed ridiculous to us because it is not enough to cover the cost of maintenance, but instead After sitting down to negotiate a win-win agreement for both parties, as president he began to rant against the private companies that contribute, according to CFE data, 23 percent of installed generation capacity, with an investment of more than 10,000 millions of dollars”.
He said that, in a given case, Mexico would have to pay, according to the Free Trade Agreement and, if this were taken to international courts, the amount to be paid would be several tens of billions of dollars, “instead of seek financing or strategic investment associations in other energy sources with long-term projections, it does not. We have engineers, highly trained researchers who could be interested in wireless energy, and for that we must act on technological innovation, which seems to be of no interest to the government”.
In conclusion, he said, we should not have illusions of cheaper rates due to the political management in which the CFE has been and continues to be managed.
Name: Guillermo Padilla Montiel.
Representation: Citizen Watchmen for Transparency of Sinaloa AC
Location: Los Mochis, Sinaloa.
“The unsupported arguments never cease to amaze”
Lacking truth and ambiguous, they are the arguments with which Morena presents the electrical reform”, expressed Paola Gárate.
The political columnist highlighted that the main issues to present to the public is about what the electrical reform is.
“It is a retrograde reform that makes us return to polluting energies, and this is very serious. It is to return to higher costs in all senses ”, he considered in his first participation in the analysis table.
He said that the reform proposed by the federal Executive, where they assure that they intend to nationalize and that electrical sovereignty be recovered, is not well planned because, he said, at no time has sovereignty been lost.
“In the plenary session it has been seen that they are not capable of even moving a comma, not even taking the slightest proposal made by the opposition, so they do not seek balance, but rather it is the gangster, the abuse and the division that every day it seeks to make them bigger among the citizens, and not just in political and party overtones, but in general the discrediting of institutions, the weakening of the scaffolding of public administration as such. They talk about planning, but what this government has had least is planning,” he added.
He said that the results that have been obtained should respond to the same operating rules that should be applied since 2013, but the CFE, he said, obtained profits of 6 billion pesos in the last three years of the Enrique Peña Nieto administration, and in the three years of the administration of Andrés Manuel López Obrador there have been similar losses.
Name: Paola Iveth Garate Valenzuela.
Representation: Columnist and political analyst. Former PRI federal deputy.
Location: Culiacan, Sinaloa.
“There is a lack of more information for the common citizen”
The electrical reform has captured a lot of attention in the country due to all the interests that are at stake, considered the columnist and political analyst Osvaldo Villaseñor Pacheco.
“On behalf of the Presidency of the Republic, they have told us that it is a reform that will allow the state to have greater stewardship of electrical energy, but also that it will allow costs to be lowered, that is the official narrative, the narrative of the government”.
On the other hand, he added, there is the other narrative of those who observe that there is a setback, because at the end of the day the state continues to have the leadership of electrical energy in the country, which has to do with the supply, distribution and commercialization, but in the part of the generation it is allowed that there is a boost of clean energies and private participation.
“There has been a lot of controversy about the real content of this reform, but it must also be said, there is a constitutional controversy that has been presented, it was discussed in the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation to propose constitutional the reform that the federal Executive is proposing ”.
On the other hand, he said, the opposition parties have said that it will not happen, that they will vote against it.
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“What has been left to owe in all this dissemination that has been done around the electricity reform and the parliament is that the citizen has more information about the real content of the reform, and not only about the narrative that is promoted by a one side or the other”, explained the analyst during the introduction and first participation in the analysis table organized by Debate.
Name: Osvaldo Villasenor Pacheco.
Representation: Journalist, columnist and political analyst.
Location: Los Mochis, Sinaloa.
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