The British ex-regatista Ellen MacArthur, founder of the foundation that bears her name, assured Efe that the circular economy is a key element to achieve a more sustainable production in agriculture, mobility and even in fashion, as well as to face the climate change.
“When we went from the linear model to the circular economy, that It is a big change in the way we approach the global economy as a whole, from agriculture to mobility, through construction, the environment or fashion, “said MacArthur in a telematic interview with Efe.
At the end of September, the foundation published the report “the great food redesign”, in which it raises rethink the ingredients used and the way they are produced to provide more beneficial options for customers, farmers and climate.
The circular economy is based on the elimination of waste and pollution, on the reuse of materials and on the regeneration of natural systems, which is why it is pointed out by experts as the most viable solution for sustainable development and the slowdown in the climate crisis.
“But it involves a lot of challenges and a lot of conversations. It is about going to the start of the system to change the system itself, so that he can function in a circular way, ”explained the founder of the Ellen MacArthur Foundation.
Since 2010, the institution has been working with companies and governments to accelerate the processes to achieve a circular economy, in addition to producing studies on the feasibility of projects at a regional and global level.
“There are ways to grow food regeneratively, with circular principles“Well,” we know we can do things differently and in a very profitable way, but we need these practices to spread, “said MacArthur.
He added that, for this, it is necessary for consumers to pressure the “big brands” and the big producers to cultivate their crops in a “regenerative way”, while urging governments to “help in that transition” through regulations, legislations and incentives.
Greenhouse effects on food production
According to the report, the food industry is responsible for a third of global greenhouse gas emissions and more than 50% of the pressure on biodiversity induced by man.
Thus, MacArthur assured that migration towards a circular economy is equally fundamental to mitigate the devastating effects of climate change.
“There is no question that we have to make significant changes globally to have a chance to reverse this trend,” he said, and added to be possible to reduce toxic gas emissions by 55% by switching to renewable energy.
However, the remaining 45% of emissions “are created by the way we make products, how we use them and how we grow food.”
“If we can change to more circular principles, we have the ability to influence those 45% and, at the same time, migrate towards renewable energies” and thus meet the goal of restricting the increase in global temperature to 1.5 degrees in the next two decades, he stressed.