What are the disabilities that usually qualify for Supplemental Social Security in the US?

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) can be applied for by people 65 years of age or older.

Photo: fizkes / Shutterstock

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) allocates a monthly payment to people who are eligible, according to the standards imposed by the United States Social Security Administration (SSA). It is a federal cash benefit that tends to be the same throughout the country, but in some states it can vary due to the presence of a state contribution that is added to the basic amount. Despite being a federal benefit, SSI cannot be requested by all people, only those who can be classified within one of the groups that the program contemplates can obtain it.

What disabilities qualify for SSI?

Unlike other federal programs, Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a benefit targeted to certain groups, very well defined by the SSA. In the first place, this program contemplates older adults who are 65 years old due to the various limitations and needs that they may present in their day to day life. Second, but not least, it can also be requested by disabled people:

1. Disabled Adults (whether they are independent, live as a couple, live with other people or in a place paid by the government).
2. Disabled children who live with their parents or live in someone else’s home.
3. Blind people who live as a couple or who share their life with other disabled people.

The benefit for each of the cases usually varies considerably from state to state because the contribution of the local government is added. However, from a federal point of view, the SSI contemplates a basic benefit that is $841 for a single person and $1,261 in the case of couples.

People who become eligible for SSI may also become eligible—automatically—for Medicaid. This means that they will not need to make any additional request to enjoy this plan of medical and assistance services. Similarly, they meet the criteria to request benefits from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), to receive a monthly subsidy for the purchase of food in associated businesses.

In some cases, the appropriate social services office may determine the need for additional assistance.. In this sense, said office can assign the beneficiary someone to assist him in his daily activities and, in the case of blind people, a guide dog that will allow them to be much more independent.

If the person is in danger, state agencies can also assign you protection or any other type of service that is necessary.

How to apply for SSI?

Since this is a federal benefit and comes with certain conditions, Applicants are required to prove their disability status during the application Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Each case is evaluated by the SSA Disability Determination Agency, after the applicant carries out the following procedure:

1. Go to the Apply for Benefits page of the Social Security Administration. It contains the terms and conditions of this type of program. Once read, click on “next”.

Screenshot of the official website of the Social Security Administration (SSA).
Screenshot of the official website of the Social Security Administration (SSA).

2. By clicking “next”, a new window is displayed with several options to facilitate the process. The first one is “Preparing” and it is arranged so that people who apply for this benefit can ensure that they have the necessary information to carry out their application to the end.

Screenshot of the official website of the Social Security Administration (SSA).
Screenshot of the official website of the Social Security Administration (SSA).

3. Similarly, the SSA has a checklist for disabled people specially designed to check the documents needed for the process.

Screenshot of the official website of the Social Security Administration (SSA).
Screenshot of the official website of the Social Security Administration (SSA).

Four. When the necessary information and documents are secured, it is time to start the application. In that sense, you must click on the second option “Apply and complete”. It has the button “Start a new request”, with which you can access the form for the first time. It also allows you to save an application for later completion through the “Return to Saved Application Process” option.

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