The monkey pox has caused alarm around the world, as thousands of infections have occurred in multiple countries, which has led people to wonder if it will reach the same levels of contagion as COVID-19, question that has been answered by an expert from the UNAM.
According to the infectologist and academic of the University’s Faculty of Medicine, Sarbelio Moreno, It is not possible for this type of smallpox to reach contagious levels experienced with the coronavirus pandemic.
“Not with the same magnitude, since it is not excreted as aerosols in a significant way. Generally, it is by direct contact, it is by mouth-to-mouth, mouth-to-skin contact, but it is very low. In other words, it can be transmitted by drops of saliva, but not so much by aerosols that go more than a meter.
Smallpox vaccine is not necessary
The expert revealed that the smallpox vaccine, which discontinued in the 1980sis very effective against this virus, but ruled out the need to apply the specific vaccine against monkeypox, since this disease has a very low mortality rate and symptoms in patients do not last more than 14 days.
“It is a vaccine that is very restricted, there is little of these vaccines. I think that if it were available, it would be worth it, but believe me that, at least during the time of the pandemic, contact can be avoided,” he indicated.
He further stated that the best way to prevent the disease is to avoid direct contact with people who have symptoms of the disease, such as spots on the skin, mainly on the face and the palms of the hands and feet.
It may interest you: Origin of monkeypox
What is monkeypox?
Monkeypox is an unusual disease, as its name suggests it is caused by the monkeypox virus, which has a structure related to that of the smallpox virus and causes a similar disease, but generally more mild. The virus of this disease belongs to the Orthopoxvirus group in the Poxviridae family.
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