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Wine can have negative health effects like other alcoholic beverages even when consumed in moderation. No amount of alcohol is healthy to drink.
Red wine can contain several compounds in addition to alcohol that are considered beneficial called polyphenols., including a specific type called flavonoids that impart the unique color and flavor of the wine. Specific polyphenols in red wine include resveratrol, quercetin, and epicatechins.
According to the Harvard School of Public Health, the polyphenols in wine could relax the walls of the blood vessels and preventing the oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL, “bad” cholesterol), a key step in the formation of cholesterol-filled plaque.
While wine may have flavonoids with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The risk may outweigh the benefits of drinking the alcoholic beverage. From mild to moderate consumption, alcohol increases the risk of various types of cancer, the more you drink the greater the risk.
Alcohol a carcinogen can act in various ways to increase the risk of cancers of the colon and rectum, breast, mouth, throat, larynx, esophagus and liver.
The European Society of Cardiology shares that people who regularly drink a lot of alcohol (including wine) have a increased risk of developing heart failure, which can increase the incidence of atrial fibrillation.
Consumption of alcoholic beverages it damages your liver and is one of the drinks that weakens your immune system.
Wine without alcohol
You can enjoy the beneficial compounds of wine without the risks that alcohol consumption represents by opting for dealcoholized wine. This type of wine undergoes fermentation, after which the ethanol is filtered, but retains its polyphenols.
Harvard also notes that small studies in people with risk factors for heart disease found that dealcoholized wine helped reduce insulin resistance and to increase nitric oxide levels, which helps blood vessels relax and lowers blood pressure.
Non-alcoholic wine is a healthier option than alcoholic wine, plus it has fewer calories than regular wine because alcohol adds a significant amount of calories.
Harvard also suggests that the amount of polyphenols in wine is modest and that you can get even more of these beneficial compounds by increasing your intake of a variety of plant foods. “One to two servings a day of tea, coffee, berries, onions or apples provides a much higher amount of polyphenols than drinking an extra glass of red wine.”
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